Medicinal Tea – History, Benefits and Precautions

green teaTea has long been used for medicinal purposes. What is the origin and history of medicinal tea? What are the three varieties of tea? What are the primary benefits of medicinal tea?  Are there certain types of tea that can be dangerous for particular ailments or conditions? Learn the answers to these questions and much more. Continue reading

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Hemp Seed Oil – Why Should We Use It?

Hemp Seed OilWhat is Hemp?
Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.) seed oil is a complete nutritional source.
It contains all of the essential amino and fatty acids. Additionally, a number of compounds within the oil may exhibit desirable pharmacological activity. Hemp seeds are not actually seeds, but “achenes,” which are tiny nuts covered by hard shells.

Whole hemp seeds are composed of 20-25% protein, 20-30% carbohydrates and 10-15% insoluble fiber. (Theimer 1995). They are also an excellent source of minerals including phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, sulfur and calcium, as well as a fair source of iron and zinc. 

Why is Omega-3 Important?
Omega-3 benefitsIt’s important to have an optimal ratio of omega (Ω)6: omega Ω3 in the diet. Most commonly consumed oils in the Westernized diet are high in Ω6. The average American diet contains somewhere around a 10:1 ratio of Ω6: Ω3, while the desired ratio is closer to 3:1.

Fatty Acid Comparison
Hemp seed oil contains this desirable ration with its composition of LA (Linolenic acid, Ω6) and ALA (α-linolenic acid, Ω3) being roughly 3:1. It also contains some GLA (γ-linolenic acid, Ω6) in smaller amounts. Since its composition matches the body’s optimal fatty acid requirements, it can be consumed and supplemented with indefinitely without the development of any imbalances.

Flax vs Hemp

The same is not always true for other fatty acids like those from flax seeds. The ratios are so important because the fatty acids are metabolized into eicosanoids, which ultimately become prostaglandins, which affect a number of important functions like clotting, inflammation response and immune function. When the ratio is undesirable then certain metabolic intermediates will build up and efficient fatty acid metabolism, as well as these important functions, can be compromised.

 

What is the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?Hemp VS Marijuana
While both compounds are found in little more than trace amounts, hemp seed oil’s composition is higher in cannabidiol (CBD) and lower in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis plants have been shown to have higher THC concentrations in tropical latitudes, likely because the THC may provide some evolutionary advantage in being protective against UV light (Pate, 1994).  Conversely, cannabis plants grown in more Northern and temperate climates, as many modern day hemp crops are grown in places like Canada, will yield concentrations of CBD that are much higher than THC. This is good news for the nutrition of hemp seeds because CBD may possess a number of pharmacological benefits, without the psychoactive effects of THC. It is well-documented to be anti-convulsant and anti-epileptic (Karler et al., 1973; Karler &Turkanis, 1981).  CBD may also possess analgesic, anti-inflammatory (Formukong et al., 1988) and antimicrobial activity (Ferenczy et al. 1958).

Protein comparsion

Hemp powder, oil, and seed are very high in protein.

Other chemical compounds and benefits found in Hemp Seed Oil
Aside from CBD, hemp seed oil contains a variety of other compounds that may provide health benefits:

  • Beta β-Sitosterol– Phytosterols like β-sitosterol may be efficacious in lowering cholesterol by blocking its absorption.
  • Tocopherols-Tocopherols are often touted for their capacity as antioxidants, as in vitamin E supplements.Hemp seed oil contains both α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol. The former tends to have high bioactivity by virtue of its interaction with the liver, yet the latter may be overall more effective in helping to prevent coronary heart disease in comparison (Wolf, 1997). γ-tocopherol may also show some ability to eliminate harmful products in the bowel, thereby helping to prevent colon cancer (Stone & Papas, 1997). γ-tocopherol is present in significantly higher amounts in hemp seed oil than α-tocopherol (Leizer 2000).
  • Terpenes -Another group of compounds that exhibit antioxidant activity.
  • Methyl Salicylate -Present in trace quantities in hemp seed oil, methyl salicylate is closely related to aspirin and possesses its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Benefits Hemp

How do you use hemp seed oil?
An ideal fatty acid composition complemented by an amalgam of minerals and phytochemicals make hemp seeds and hemp seed oil incredibly rich, complete and well-rounded, nutritional food sources.

hemp seed fruit saladCold-pressed, unrefined products are best, and should be kept refrigerated after opening. Compared with some other cooking oils such as coconut, hemp seed oil is low in saturated fat. Hemp seed oil has a low smoke point so it isn’t conducive to frying, however it makes a perfect base for salad dressings and dips, and may be added to soups. Adding a tablespoon of whole seeds or oil to a smoothie is also a great way to enjoy some extra EFA’s, protein and fiber.

References
Benhaim, Paul; A Modern Introduction to HEMP – From Food To Fibre: Past, Present And Future, Australia (2003).

Erasmus, U., 1999. Fats that Heal, Fats that Kill. Alive. Books, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. Fan, Y.Y, K.S. Ramos and R.S. Chapkin, 1999.

Hansen, Ray, Industrial Hemp Profile, AgMRC, Agricultural Marketing Resource Center

Industrial Hemp in the United States: Status and Market Potential, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agricultural Economic Report No.(AGES-OO1E) 43 pp, January 2000

Johnson, Renee, Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, (RL34725) July 24, 2013, 7-5700

Leizer, C; Ribnicky, D; et al. (2000). The composition of Hemp Seed Oil and its Potential as an Important Source of Nutrition. Journal of Nutraceuticals, Functional & Medical Foods Vol. 2(4).

Pate, D. (1994). Chemical ecology of Cannabis. Journal of the International Hemp Association 1(2): 29, 32-37.

Stone W, Papas A (1997). Tocopherols and the etiology of colon cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 89(14): 1006-1014.

Theimer, R. R. and H. M–lleken, 1995. Analysis of the oil from different hemp cultivars – perspectives for economical utilization. Pages 536-543 in Bioresource Hemp, 2nd edition. nova-Institute,Rosenstr. 53, 50678 Cologne, Germany.

Turner, C; ElSohly, M; Boeren, E. (1980). Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII: A review of the natural constituents. Journal of Natural Products 43(2): 169-234. 

U.S. Department of Agriculture’s ‘White Paper’ on Hemp:What Do the USDA and the DEA Have to Say About Hemp?  NORML Foundation, 1100 H Street, NW, Suite 830, Washington, DC 20005

Weil, A. (1993). Therapeutic hemp oil. Natural Health. March/April, pp. 10-12.

Wolf, G. (1997). y-tocopherol: an efficient protector of lipids against nitric oxide- initiated peroxidative damage. Nutrition Reviews 55(10): 376-378.
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Kevin McMahan3This article is written by Kevin McMahan, a Health and Wellness Educator for the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance. Kevin has had a lifelong interest in health and wellness. After graduating from Carmel High School he went on to get an associates degree in social sciences from Monterey Peninsula College, and a bachelors in kinesiology from California State University Monterey Bay. He is a certified personal trainer through the American College of Sports Medicine. “Your health is your wealth”, is something that he always likes to say. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website at www.montereybayholistic.com.


Disclaimer:  
The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.

What is Good Fat?

Good Fat

It is not healthy to eliminate all fat. “Good fat”  is essential to good health.

WHAT IS GOOD FAT?
When it comes to health, not all fats are equal. Reducing some types of fats helps lower the risk of several chronic diseases, but other types of fats are absolutely essential to our body’s heart, nerves, immune system and even our brain function.


Our brain is composed of 60% fat
.

We do not want to eliminate all fat.  The key is eating GOOD FAT.   Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats,  Omega 3, 6, and 9 fatty acids, are good fats. They are found primarily in nuts, sea food, and plant oils like canola, peanut and olive oils.

Where People Get their FatsPolyunsaturated fats such as safflower, cottonseed and corn oils,and seafood.  Monounsaturated fats are found in avocados, nuts and seeds, such as flax seeds. People following traditional Mediterranean diets that are high in foods containing monounsaturated fats like olive oil, tend to have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Of course just because something is labeled “low-fat” doesn’t mean that you can gorge yourself on it and gain no weight.  “Low-fat” foods can be bad for us if not eaten in moderation.

Here are the “good fat” vs “bad fat” basics:

Monounsaturated FatsMONOUNSATURATED FATS  – Monounsaturated fats such as avocados, salmon, almonds, walnuts and flax seed, olive oil can help lower triglyceride levels and decrease inflammation.  Research studies have shown that eating foods that are high in monounsaturated fats may help lower your “bad” LDL cholesterol. Monounsaturated fats may also keep “good” HDL cholesterol levels high.

 

POLYUNSATURATED FATS and OMEGA-3, -6 and -9 FATTY ACIDS – Polyunsaturated fats include Omega 3’s,  6’s, and 9’s.   There’s only one omega-3 fatty acid (alpha linolenic acid, abbreviated LNA or ALA) and one omega-6 fatty acid (linoleic acid, or LA).  Omega-3 fatty acids are found in foods from plants like soybean oil, canola oil, walnuts, and flaxseed.

Omega 3Omega-6 fatty acids are found mostly in liquid vegetable oils like soybean oil, corn oil, and safflower oil.  Most people eat too much of omega-6 and not enough of omega-3, so it’s a good plan to focus on eating omega-3’s. Omega-9’s are the most abundant fatty acids of all in nature, and they are not lacking in our diets. They are also not considered essential because our bodies can make omega-9 fatty acids from unsaturated fat already stored in our bodies. Omega-9 is found in animal fat, vegetable oil and olive oil.  Omega 3 can be found in fish, olive oil, nuts, and omega 3 eggs, green beans, mungo,  navy, pinto and kidney beans.

Most nuts have a much higher Omega 6 ratio than Omega 3.  For example, this nutritional  chart from SelfNutritionData, shows the large difference in  omega 6 and omega 3.  Therefore, the best nuts to eat would be walnuts, for  increasing omega 3 in the diet.

  • Macadamias – 60 vs 360  (about 16 times omega 6 to 3)
  • Almonds – 2 vs 3400 (about 1700 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Hazelnuts – 20 vs 2200 (about 110 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Pistachios – 70 vs 3700 (about 52 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Brazil Nuts – 5.1 vs 5800 (about 1,137 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Cashews – 7 vs 2200 (314 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Walnuts – 2500 vs 10,100 (4 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Pine Nuts – 31 vs 9400 (303 times more omega 6 to 3)
  • Pecans – 280 vs 5800 (about 21 times more omega 6 to 3)

Foods rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats include:

  • Olive oil
  • Canola oil
  • Peanut oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Almonds
  • Hazelnuts
  • Pecans
  • Peanuts
  • Cashews
  • Avocados
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Walnuts
  • Flaxseed
  • Wild Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Mackerel
  • Herring
  • Trout
  • Fresh tuna

 

SATURATED FATS:   There is currently some controversy about saturated fats. Saturated fats are fats that are turn solid at room temperature.   Over the years, mSaturated Fat Foodsany research studies have shown that saturated fats, like lard,  full-fat dairy products and fatty animal proteins, can increase risks of heart disease, high cholesterol and some cancers, such as colon cancer.  However, recent studies contradict earlier studies.  More research may be needed to determine the long-term effects eating a regular diet high in saturated fats.  It’s generally thought that it is best to limit the amount of saturated fats and replace the saturated fats with monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats.

Saturated fats include:

  • High-fat cuts of lamb, beef, and pork
  • Chicken with the skin
  • Whole-fat milk
  • Whole-fat cream,
  • Whole-fat butter
  • Whole-fat cheese
  • Whole-fat ice cream
  • Palm oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Lard

Saturated Fat Benefits
There are some benefits to saturated fats as listed above.  However, according to recent research from the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health   and a report from Harvard School of Public Health, cutting back on saturated fat can be good for health if people replace saturated fat with unsaturated fats.  A diet of all saturated fats can lead to serious health problems.  A balanced diet  rich in vegetables, fruits, and “good fats” is the best plan.

Saturated Fat Chart

Saturated fats are found in many foods and food products.  According to recent research from the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health   and a report from Harvard School of Public Health, if people cut back slightly on saturated fats and replace them with more carbohydrates like breads, white rice, potatoes, and sugars, then they will most likely not see any improvement in weight loss or lowered cholesterol.  However if they cut back on saturated fats, and replace saturated fats with “good fats” they will see results.   Eating good fats, like monounsaturated fats or polyunsaturated fats can help to lower the “bad” LDL cholesterol.  It can also  improves the ratio of total cholesterol to “good” HDL cholesterol.  This can reduce the risk of heart disease. Eating good fats in place of saturated fat can also help to reduce the risk of diabetes.

 

WHAT ARE BAD FATS?


Trans Fat Food
TRANS FATS:  
|Trans fats such as fried foods, packaged cookies, chips, candy, granola bars, and cooking oils, increase bad cholesterol and inflammation, and decrease good cholesterol, increase the risk of heart disease and some cancers.  Foods high in trans fats have little nutritional value.

  • Commercially packaged pastries, cookies, pizza dough, cakes, muffins, waffles, doughnuts, etc.
  • Packaged snack foods (chips, crackers, and popcorn)
  • Margarine in stick form
  • Vegetable shortening
  • All fried foods (fried fish, French fries, fried chicken, tempura, etc.)
  • Candy bars
  • Some commercially packaged granola bars (check for partially hydrogenated oils)
  • Bisquick

 

 

HOW DO WE MAKE A LIFESTYLE CHANGE?

Healthy French FriesIf  restaurant and food manufacturers can switch  to Omega-9 Oils,  they can reduce these bad fats by up to 80% when changing from partially hydrogenated soybean oil.  You can help make a change by alerting people to the research about the harmful (and perhaps deadly) effects of long-term use of trans fats.  The best plan is to eliminate all trans fats completely from the diet (especially fried foods and packaged or commercially baked foods) and to limit saturated fats.  Eat more monounsaturated or polyunsaturated foods rich in omega 3’s, such as flax seeds, walnuts, fish, and canola oil.   Check your labels and shop wisely.

Your label Trans Fat Misleading Labelprobably won’t list, “trans fats,”  or might list trans fats as zero, but if the label lists “partially hydrogenated oils,” this means it contains trans fats, plain and simple.

It’s important to check your labels.  The FDA  gave food producers considerable flexibility  in their labeling, resulting inn labeling which is misleading. Current law says that any food containing less than .5 grams of trans fat can “round down” and indicate trans fat content as 0 grams.  Therefore, a listing of zero trans fats, doesn’t necessarily mean that it is zero, and a food product that is advertised “trans-fat free” most likely is almost trans-fat free but might very well include trans fats.  If your label lists hydrogenated oils, you are eating trans fats.

 

We all have the freedom to be educated, informed consumers so that we can take care of our bodies wisely.  All fat is not bad, and it’s important to our health to include “good fats”  in our diets.  We can use the above tips, the resources below, and our good fat food chart to stay healthy and fit.

 

RESOURCES

Mozaffarian D, Micha R, Wallace S. Effects on coronary heart disease of increasing polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000252.

Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM. Saturated fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease: modulation by replacement nutrients. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2010;12:384-90.

Astrup A, Dyerberg J, Elwood P, et al. The role of reducing intakes of saturated fat in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: where does the evidence stand in 2010? Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93:684-8.

Hooper L, Summerbell CD, Thompson R, et al. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011:CD002137.

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Jean E. DartThis article is written by Jean Voice Dart, M.S. Special Education from Illinois State University. Jean is a published author and has written hundreds of health articles as well as hosting a local television program, “Making Miracles Happen.” She is a Registered Music Therapist, Sound Therapist, and Master Level Energetic Teacher, and is the Executive Director, founder and Health and Wellness Educator of the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website at www.montereybayholistic.com.

Disclaimer:  The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.