The Uses and Benefits of Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne PeppersThe Greek physician, Hippocrates, famously said, “Let food be thy medicine, and medicine be thy food.”  Knowing about foods and their benefits gives us the power to direct our health in a positive direction. This article will examine the benefits and uses of cayenne pepper for enhanced health and healing.Again and again, the therapeutic value of cayenne pepper has been medically validated”. What is cayenne pepper? What are common benefits? How does it affect the heart? Can it help me lose weight? Continue reading

The Effects of Sleep Deprivation

Woman SleepingSleep is a part of every individual’s normal routine. We sleep to get away from the stresses of everyday life. We sleep to calm our mind, body and spirit. Sleep is essential to maintain good emotional, physical and mental health.

Sleeping at workHow Much Sleep Do We Need?
A report written by the National Institute of Health on Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation states

“the average basal sleep needs of adults is approximately 7 to 8 hours per night, and the optimal sleep duration for adolescents is 9 hours per night”. 

The report indicates that adults, adolescents and children are not getting enough sleep. More than 13 million children are receiving insufficient sleep. The duration and quality of sleep people receive every night may dictate how they perform and act during the day.

What are the Consequences of Sleep Deprivation?
Sleep deprivation may result in many problems. Lack of sleep can lead to but are not limited in the following:

  • Greater mortality risk
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Decreased performance and alertness
  • Memory and cognitive impairment
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Immune function impairment
  • Depression

woman sleepingThe cognitive process is greatly affected by lack of sleep. The ability to learn, concentrate, remember, reason and problem solve is impaired. If you don’t get an adequate amount of sleep, you won’t be able to remember what you learned the day before. As you sleep, the mind performs a process called consolidation meaning recent memories are being ingrained in the brain to create long-term memories. Lack of sleep hinders in our ability to make sound judgments about others and ourselves. It especially affects our ability to assess how we are functioning in terms of how we are performing in the workplace or doing at school.

Woman sleeping at computer
Daytime sleepiness is one of the dangerous consequences of sleep deprivation.
It can lead to occupational and automobile injuries. Sleepiness decreases your alertness and slows down reaction time thus resulting in workplace injuries such as tripping over boxes or walking into walls. The National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration write that “each year drowsy driving is responsible for at least 100,000 automobile crashes, 71,000 injuries, and 1,550 fatalities.”  Driving while feeling sleepy or drowsy can be just as harmful as driving drunk. Your mind can’t focus on the task at hand due to the constant desire to fall asleep. Drivers under the age of 25 years old are responsible for most of these vehicle accidents.

CPAP for Sleep Apnea

Person Using CPAP for Sleep Apnea

What are the Causes of Sleep Deprivation?
Sleep deprivation can be caused by a variety of reasons such as family troubles or longer hours at work. Most often, it is due to undiagnosed sleep disorders. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recognizes more than 85 million sleep disorders which affect millions of people in the United States. Insomnia and sleep apnea are two of the most prevalent sleep disorders Americans suffer from. Insomnia is when people have a difficult time falling asleep. People can suffer from acute or chronic insomnia. Acute insomnia doesn’t last more than a few nights and usually occurs when the stresses of everyday life are too much for one person to handle. The National Sleep Foundation defines chronic insomnia as “disrupted sleep that occurs at least three nights per week and lasts at least three months.” Chronic insomnia may cause severe daytime sleepiness, making it difficult of pay attention to lectures in school or type on a computer at work. With sleep apnea, sleep is disrupted with short pauses in breathing up to ten seconds. More than 18 million people in the United States are diagnosed with Sleep Apnea.

How to Improve Sleep Habits
The Sleep Foundation provides some strategies of how to improve sleep in the following:

  • Establish consistent sleep and wake schedules, even on weekends
  • Create a regular, relaxing bedtime routine such as soaking in a hot bath or listening to soothing music-begin an hour or more before the time your expected to fall asleep
  • Create a sleep-conducive environment that is dark, quiet, comfortable and cool
  • Sleep on a comfortable mattress and pillows
  • Use your bedroom only for sleep
  • Avoid watching television, using a computer or reading in bed
  • Finish eating at least 2-3 hours before your regular bedtime
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol products close to bedtime and give up smoking



National Sleep Foundation

American Academy of Sleep Medicine

National Institute of Health

National Highway and Traffic Administration


Hang Pham, MBHA Health EducatorThis article is written by Hang Pham. Hang Pham is a Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance Health and Wellness Educator. Hang Pham was born in Hoc Mon, Vietnam. She came to America in 1994, becoming a U.S. citizen in 2011. Hang graduated from Seaside High School with diploma and received her AA in General Studies from Monterey Peninsula College in 2011. She received her BA in Collaborative Health and Human Services from California State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB) in 2012. In addition to working as a volunteer staff with the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance, she currently works as a Clerical Aid in the Human Resources Department of Salinas City Hall. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website

The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.


What is a Healthy Heart Rate?

What is a healthy heart rate? How do you determine the healthy heart rate for your age?

What is Healthy Pulse?

What is a healthy heart rate? It varies and depends on age and physical fitness level 

There is a technical difference between “pulse” and “heart rate.”  Pulse is the action of blood  moving through the veins and arteries causing a pulsing or rhythmic throbbing sensation that can be felt or heard.   Heart rate refers to the speed of the heartbeat. This specifically refers to the number of heartbeats per unit unit of time. BPM, beats per minute is the typical measurement of heart rate.The heart rate can vary according to the body’s physical needs.  An athletic individual is more likely to have a lower heart rate than a sedentary individual.

Heart rate will vary according to the body’s need to absorb oxygen and excrete carbon dioxide.  Physical exercise, illness, diet,  sleep, and drugs will affect the heart rate, or pulse.  The heart rate can vary according to the body’s physical needs.  An athletic individual is more likely to have a lower heart rate than a sedentary individual.  Heart rate will vary according to the body’s need to absorb oxygen and excrete carbon dioxide.

Many different factors can effect heart rate including: 

  • Activity level
  • Fitness level
  • Air temperature
  • Body position (standing up or lying down, for example)
  • Emotions
  • Body size
  • Medications


The normal human heart rate ranges from 60-120 bpm, depending on the age and physical fitness level of the person. An athelete might be 40 bpm. A slow heart rate is known as bradycardia,  and is below 60 bpm.  Tachycardia refers to a fast heart rate (above 100 bpm). Anarrhythmia is diagnosed in an individual when the heart rate is irregular.  When a heart rate is too fast, too slow or irregular, it might indicate a cardiovascular problem or a disease.


According to the National Health Service, UK, the following are ideal normal pulse rates at rest, in bpm (beats per minute):

  • Newborn baby = 120 – 150 BPM
  • Baby (1 – 12 mo.) = 80 – 140 BPM
  • Baby/toddler (1 – 2 yr.) = 80 – 130 BPM
  • Toddler/young child (2 – 6 yr.) = 75- 120 BPM
  • Child (7 – 12 yr.) = 75 – 100 BPM
  • Adult (18+ yr.) = 60 – 100 BPM
  • Adult athlete = 40 – 60 BPM

Heart rate is usually determined by placing two fingers on an artery. There are several different places where you might be successful in feeling a pulse.  After sensing the pulse beating there, count the pulse beats for up to one minute.  If a person uses a blood pressure cuff, the heart rate is generally displayed, however taking the pulse and determining the heart manually without the aid of electronic equipment is more accurate, especially if the person has an irregular heart beat.

There are eleven different common locations for checking the pulse and determining the heart rate:

  1. Wrist (radial artery)
  2. Neck (carotid artery)
  3. Facial artery (lateral edge of mandible, or jaw)
  4. Basilar artery (side of head near ear)
  5. Superficial temporal artery (temple)
  6. Abdominal aorta (over the abdomen)
  7. Brachial artery (under bicepts or inside elbow)
  8. Apex of the heart (on the chest)
  9. Femoral artery (groin)
  10. Dosalis pedis (middle of dorum of foot)
  11. Posterior tibial artery (behind medial malleoulus of foot)