Sunburn – Natural Prevention and Treatment

Summer Sunbathing Woman

An Overview of Sunburns

During the summer season in the United States, outdoor recreational activities are very popular due to the relatively warmer weather in June, July and August. 

People enjoy camping, swimming, hiking, fishing, and running.  There are also more festivals and fairs for individuals and families during June and July. With all of these activities, people are outside for a considerable amount of time. Sunburns are common skin afflictions during the summer season.
Man on Beach with Dog
One occurrence of a sunburn is not extremely dangerous; however, having many sunburns can definitely increase your chances of developing skin cancer. The American Cancer Society states,

“Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. About 3.5 million cases of basal and squamous cell skin cancer are diagnosed in this country each year. Melanoma, a more dangerous type of skin cancer, will account for more than 73,000 cases of skin cancer in 2015.”

Since the skin is the largest organ of the human body, it’s crucial to protect it and prevent it from developing sunburns.

Woman Sunburn

What is a sunburn?

A sunburn is the result of being exposed to too much ultraviolet (UV) light from sunshine. When someone has a sunburn, the skin appears red and it can be very painful to touch depending on the degree of sunburn. The skin may also feel very warm. Any part of the body can be sunburned if it is exposed to the sun. Places as inconspicuous as your lips and eyelids can get sunburned. Increased sun exposure can lead to more freckles, moles and wrinkled skin. A sunburn can take between 2 days to 2 weeks to completely go away; however, the lasting effects on the skin may be permanent.

Melanin

Image by Wikipedia.com

The pigment in the skin that gives humans and animals their hair and skin color is called melanin. Light-skinned people have less melanin than dark-skinned people. This is why people with fair skin are more susceptible to getting very bad sunburns.

After a person has become sunburned, the skin produces more melanin to protect it from being damaged. After a day or two, the sunburned skins starts to “peel” off. The body is trying to heal itself by getting rid of the damaged skin.

Sunburn Peel

A first degree sunburn usually takes a few days to completely heal. A second degree sunburn (a more severe sunburn) can take from two weeks to two month to completely heal. Even at that point, the skin may look normal again, but the effects of the second degree sunburn may be long lasting (American Academy of Dermatology, 2015).


Symptoms

The Mayo Clinic (2015) provides the following list of the symptoms of sunburns:

  • Pinkness or redness
  • Skin that feels warm or hot to the touch
  • Pain, tenderness or itchingRed Sunburn
  • Swelling
  • Small fluid-filled blisters, which may break
  • Headache, fever, chills and fatigue if the sunburn is severe

Causes

As stated earlier in the article, sunburns are caused by exposure to excess ultraviolet light. Tanning beds can also cause sunburns. The severity of the sunburn depends on a number of other factors. The factors include, but are limited to the following:

  • Natural skin color
  • Length of exposure
  • History of sunburns

Treatments

After having a sunburn, the damage is already done. Any treatment thereafter is focused at reducing the pain and swelling associated with a sunburn. Witch hazel is a natural astringent that  might help clean the skin.  Natural pain relievers and herbal remedies may be effective to relieve discomfort. Over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen may help decrease pain. Cool milk compresses might be helpful in soothing and relieving the pain.

Mayo Clinic (2015) provides a list of other methods of treatment for sunburns in the following:

  • Cool the skin.. Apply to the affected skin a cool compress-such as a towel dampened with cool tap water, or take a cool bath or shower.

    Aloe Vera

    Aloe Vera Plant

  • Apply moisturizer, aloe vera lotion or gel, or hydrocortisone cream to the affected area. A low dose (0.5 to 1 percent) hydrocortisone cream may decrease pain and swelling and speed healing. See our article for more information about aloe vera and skin cancer.NOTE: Topical hydrocortisone cream can have harmful side effects and severe allergic reactions that are not present before using (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); acne-like rash; excessive hair growth; inflamed hair follicles; inflammation around the mouth; itching, burning, pain, redness, darkening of the skin, or swelling of the skin.Woman drinking water
  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water. Sun exposure and heat can cause fluid loss through your skin. Drinking helps your body recover.
  • Treat peeling skin gently. Within a few days, the affected area may begin to peel. This is simply your body’s way of getting rid of the top layer of damaged skin. While your skin is peeling, continue to use moisturizing cream.
  • Protect your sunburn from further sun-exposure. Stay out of the sun or protect yourself from sunlight when you go outside.
Green Tea Leaves

Green Tea Leaves

Other Natural Remedies for Sunburn

Several scientific studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of green tea extract as an effective treatment for sunburn, when applied to the skin, such as Katiyar (2001, 2003) and Elmets, et al (2001). The tannic acid and theobromine found in green tea may be helpful in relieving pain and healing damaged skin when applied topically.  Additional scientific research studies have shown that grape seed proanthocyandin extract can be an effective treatment for sunburn (Yuan, et al, 2012).  When deciding on natural treatments for sunburn, consult with your trusted physician or health care practitioner.

Prevention

Sunburns can lead to wrinkled skin, dark spots, and precancerous or cancerous skin lesions. Check your skin carefully for suspicious moles or freckles after repeated exposure to the sun. Precancerous cells can be removed and measures can be taken to prevent cancer skin lesions from forming.

Preventative measures are important to take into consideration when it comes to sunburns. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun-protection factor (SPF) of 15 or greater is recommended, especially if you are going to be spending time outside in the hot sun.  The American Academy of Dermatology states that sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or greater helps protects against a high percentage of the sun’s harmful rays. The sun’s rays are the strongest and most dangerous between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. so if it’s possible, avoid sun exposure as much as possible. Whenever possible, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants while hanging out or working outside.

References:

American Academy of Dermatology. (2015). What Causes a Sunburn and Suntan? For the Public. Retrieved on July 20, 2015

American Cancer Society. (2015). Skin Cancer Facts: What is the Skin? Learn about Cancer. Retrieved on July 20, 2015

Elmets C., Singh D, Tubesing K, Matsui M, Katiyar S, Mukhtar H., Cutaneous photoprotection from ultraviolet injury by green tea polyphenols., J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Mar;44(3):425-32., Retrieved on July 20, 2015, Retrieved on July 26 2015

Katiyar SK1, Elmets CA.  Green tea polyphenolic antioxidants and skin photoprotection (Review). Int J Oncol. 2001 Jun;18(6):1307-13, Retrieved on July 26 2015

Katiyar S., Skin photoprotection by green tea: antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects. Curr Drug Targets Immune Endocr Metabol Disord. 2003 Sep;3(3):234-42., Retrieved on July, 26, 2015

Mayo Clinic. (2015). Definition. Diseases and Conditions: Sunburn. Retrieved on July 17, 2015

Thamlikitkul V, Bunyapraphatsara N, Riewpaiboon W, Theerapong S, Chantrakul C, Thanaveerasuwan T. Clinical trial of aloe vera Linn. for treatment of minor burns. Siriraj Hosp Gaz.1991;43(5):313-316.

Yuan XY, Liu W, Hao JC, Gu WJ, Zhao YS. Topical grape seed proanthocyandin extract reduces sunburn cells and mutant p53 positive epidermal cell formation, and prevents depletion of Langerhans cells in an acute sunburn model.   Photomed Laser Surg., 2012 Jan;30(1):20-5. doi: 10.1089/pho.2011.3043. Epub 2011 Nov 21., Retrieved on July 26, 2015

_________________________________________________

This articleHang Pham, MBHA Health Educator is written by Hang Pham. Hang Pham is a Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance Health and Wellness Educator. Hang Pham was born in Hoc Mon, Vietnam. She came to America in 1994, becoming a U.S. citizen in 2011. Hang graduated from Seaside High School with diploma and received her AA in General Studies from Monterey Peninsula College in 2011. She received her BA in Collaborative Health and Human Services from California State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB) in 2012. In addition to working as a volunteer staff with the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance, she currently works as a Clerical Aid in the Human Resources Department of Salinas City Hall. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website at www.montereybayholistic.com.   All images are copyright free, from www.pixabay.com unless otherwise noted.

Disclaimer:  The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.

Hearing Loss – Say what? Not Just for Old Folks!

WHO IS AFFECTED BY HEARING LOSS?
When most of us think about hearing loss, we think of dear old grandma Bessie and the many communication mixups, like the time she responded to, “Can you please hand me the clean sheets?” by saying, “Cream cheese? What do you want that for?”Grandmother Granddaughter

Family members sometimes chuckle and tolerate odd behaviors and conversations made by those who are communication challenged by hearing loss. However, hearing loss is not a laughing matter. Parents and children of hearing challenged individuals who are in a care-taking role, sometimes need to step forward to help those with hearing loss.  Often those who are deaf or hard of hearing, are unaware of the extent to which their disability is affecting their lives. Intervention can result in hearing improvement and even complete restoration. Lack of intervention can result in permanent damage.  Infants, children, youth and adults who are deaf or hard of hearing, have new technology available to them to completely restore or dramatically improve hearing loss.

hearingWHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HEARING LOSS?
According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, hearing loss is categorized by which area of the auditory system is affected.  There are three basic categories:

  1. Conductive hearing loss associated with the outer ear and middle ear, such as fluid from colds, allergies, impacted ear wax, ear infections, swimmer’s ear, tumors, malformations, perforated ear drum, etc.
  2. Sensorineural hearing loss associated with the inner ear, such as high fever or illness, head trauma, aging, exposure to loud noise, malformations, genetic or hereditary factors, etc.
  3. Mixed hearing loss associated with both conductive and sensorineural factors and the outer, middle and inner ear.

Baby with dollHEARING LOSS IN INFANTS
Hearing loss prevention and treatment as dramatically evolved in the past fifty years. Years ago, we as a society were unaware of the number of infants born with hearing loss. Recent studies now show, according to the American Academy of Audiology,  that approximately 6 of every 1,000 babies have a significant hearing problem at birth and more than 4,000 babies are born with hearing loss each year. ƒ

Child Hearing Test

Canadian Hearing Society http://www.chs.ca

Research shows us that the first year of life is critical to the development of normal speech and language. ƒ Many years ago, children undiagnosed with hearing loss at birth, later displayed difficulties with speech, communication and understanding or behaving appropriately. They were then placed in specials schools for mentally challenged, or psychiatric institutions, or even outcast or removed from interaction in society. Now most states require all newborns to have hearing screening tests, and because hearing loss is a hidden disability, parents are of primary importance diagnosis of hearing loss in newborns. It is important for them to observe the infant and to contact the trusted doctor or health practitioner and schedule a hearing test.

Image: Center for Disease Control and Prevention  www.cdc.gov

Center for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

WHAT IS NORMAL HEARING BEHAVIOR FOR AN INFANT?
According to the American Academy of Audiology, an infant with normal hearing should be able elicit the following age-appropriate behaviors.

Around two months of age ƒ
Startles to loud sound ƒ
Quiets to familiar voices
Makes vowel sounds like “ohh”

Around four months of age
Looks for sound sources
Starts babbling
Makes squeals and chuckles

Baby respond
Around six months of age

Turns head toward loud sounds
Begins to imitate speech sound
Babbles sounds like “ba-ba”

Around nine months of age
Imitates speech sounds of others
Understands “no-no” or “bye-bye”
Turns head toward soft sounds

Around 12 months of age
Correctly uses “ma-ma” or “da-da”
Gives toy when asked
Responds to singing or music


WHAT ARE SIGNS OF HEARING LOSS IN CHILDREN OR ADULTS?
friendsAccording to the American Academy of Audiology, the following questions are helpful in determining whether or not a person has a hearing loss that is significantly affecting them on a daily basis, answering yes, no, or sometimes.

  1. Do you find it difficult to follow a conversation in a noisy restaurant or crowded room?
  2. Do you sometimes feel that people are mumbling or not speaking clearly?
  3. Do you experience difficulty following dialog in the theater?
  4. Do you sometimes find it difficult to understand a speaker at a public meeting or a religious service?
  5. Do you find yourself asking people to speak up or repeat themselves?
  6. Do you find men’s voices easier to understand than women’s?Whispering
  7. Do you experience difficulty understanding soft or whispered speech?
  8. Do you have difficulty understanding speech on the telephone?
  9. Does a hearing problem cause you to feel embarrassed when meeting new people?Lonely
  10. Do you feel handicapped by a hearing problem?
  11. Does a hearing problem cause you to visit friends, relatives, or neighbors less often than you would like?
  12. Do you experience ringing or noises in your ears?
  13. Do you hear better with one ear than the other?
  14. Have you had any significant noise exposure during work, recreation, or military service
  15. Have any of your relatives (by birth) had a hearing loss?

Each “yes”answer is worth two points. Each “sometimes” answer is 1 point.  A total of 6 points or more strongly suggests that a hearing test is needed.

WHAT ARE THE VARYING DEGREES OF HEARING LOSS?
Hearing loss can vary from mild, moderate, severe and profound. Hearing loss is measured in decibels (dB). Those with normal hearing have 0-25 dB loss, mild hearing loss is 25-40 bB, moderate is 40-60 dB, severe is 60-80 dB and profound is 80 dB or more.  Hearing loss is measured through hearing screening tests. Those with hearing loss are categorized as deaf, hard of hearing, late-deafened, gradual onset, or sudden onset deafness. The situations or conditions that caused the hearing loss are unique and have an impact on the social, emotional and psychological health of the individual. 

hearing aid
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SUSPECT HEARING LOSS

If you feel that you or a loved one you are caring for has a hearing loss, there is good news. Often hearing loss can be repaired completely or improved.  Hearing loss is sometimes caused by blocked ear wax that can be removed, or infection, that can be treated.  Sometimes surgery can correct malformations. 90% of hearing loss is successfully treated with hearing aids and amplification.  New cochlear implants (CI) are providing opportunities for those born deaf to now hear. If hearing loss cannot be repaired, hearing aids can be prescribed, amplifications, lifestyle adjustments, utilizing aides: such as TDD, relay phone services, closed captioned phones, amplified phones, closed captioning devises for movies and theatrical stage productions.  Many of these devices are free due to the efforts of the National Association for the Deaf with the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990.  According to the National Association for the Deaf:

Today, deaf and hard of hearing individuals can choose from many different relay service providers and a wide range of relay services:

  • TTY relay services, the original and now traditional relay service, which can be reached by anyone by dialing 711 from a telephone or TTY (text telephone for hearing impaired)
  • Voice Carry Over (VCO) for people who are deaf or hard of hearing who communicate by speaking
  • Hearing Carry Over (HCO) for people with a speech disability who use a TTY
  • Speech-to-Speech (STS) relay service for people with a speech disability who use a telephone
  • Non-English language relay services, such as Spanish-to-Spanish

    Captel Captioned Phone

    Captel Captioned Phone http://www.captelspecialists.com

  • Captioned Telephone Service (CTS) for people with a special “captioned telephone” that enables them to communicate by speaking, listen to what they can hear, and read what the other person is saying through captions displayed on the “captioned telephone who use a telephone
  • Video Relay Service (VRS), an Internet-based system for people with video conferencing equipment or videophones who communicate in American Sign Language
  • Internet Protocol Relay (IP Relay) service, an Internet-based system for people with a computer or other web-enabled device who communicate using text
  • Internet Protocol Captioned Telephone Service (IP CTS), an Internet-based system that enables people to communicate by speaking and listening to what they can hear over a telephone, and read what the other person is saying through captions displayed on a computer or other web-enabled device

Of primary importance, is contacting your trusted healthcare provider, doctor, or audiologist as soon as you suspect that you or a loved one has a hearing loss.  Quick action can result in improved hearing and prevent permanent damage.

REFERENCES
American Academy of Audiology
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Canadian Hearing Society
National Association for the Deaf

________________________________

This article is written by Jean Voice Dart, M.S. Special Education from Illinois State University. Jean is a published author and has written hundreds of health articles as well as hosting a local television program, “Making Miracles Happen.” She is a Registered Music Therapist, Sound Therapist, and Master Level Energetic Teacher, and is the Executive Director, founder and Health and Wellness Educator of the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website atwww.montereybayholistic.com.  Images used in this article are free public domain from Pixabay.com orPublicdomainpictures.net  Other images are credited.

Disclaimer: The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.

Nutritional Health and Well-Being of Infants and Babies

The Nutritional Responsibility of Parents

The first five years of life is a crucial period in the development of infants. Infancy is a time of rapid growth. Babies grow and develop at an extraordinary rate. To help them in this process, proper nutrition is the key responsibility of the parents. Feeding BabyParents play an important role in the mental, emotional, and physical development of infant/baby. They are responsible for the health and well-being of the infant. Infants need to be cared for and receive enough affection from others around them so that they can grow up to be stable, well-adjusted human beings. Nutritional health and well-being of infants and babies is of primary concern.

Infant Playing in Grass

In an article written by the Urban Child Institute (2011) titled “Nutrition and Early Brain Development,”  it states that “Nutrition has been called the single greatest environmental influence on babies in the womb and during infancy, and it remains essential throughout the first years of life.”  The parents or primary careproviders are solely responsible.

Which Nutrients are Essential to Infant Health?

BreastfeedingWithout a doubt, no parent will argue that a proper and balanced nutritional diet is critical in brain and physical development of infants and babies. Essential nutrients for babies include, but are not limited, to the following:

  1. folic acid
  2. zinc
  3. healthy fats
  4. protein
  5. iron
  6. vitamins


Which Foods and How Often?

Babies and infants must consume appropriate amounts and types of foods to receive required nutrients. Infants eat much more often in a day compared to adults because they require the nutrients every few hours.

Breastfeeding is a common practice in the first few months of life. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that mothers breastfeed for at least the first six months of the baby’s life.

After this time period, the baby can start to eat soft foods, known as the BRAT diet:

  1. Bananas
  2. Rice
  3. Applesauce
  4. Toast, or soft pieces of bread

BRAT Diet

Also during this stage in the baby’s development, he/she will want to explore other foods that taste different than his/her mother’s breast milk.

Tips for Buying or Preparing Baby Food

Homemade baby food VS store-bought baby food is a hot topic when it comes to good parenting. Parents have the right to choose what kinds of food their baby eats, and where the food comes from. Some parents prefer to buy fruits and vegetables from the grocery store and make their own baby food. Other parents prefer to buy baby food in a jar at the grocery store.Infant Babyfood

Whether you are planning on making your own baby food or buying prepared foods, Mayo Clinic (2013) provides some tips that may prove to be helpful:

  • Make baby food from freshly prepared ingredients, such as tender meats, lentils, beans, fresh or frozen cooked vegetables, and ripe fruits. Avoid canned products with added salt.Vegetables
  • Cook, puree or mash, and then freeze in small containers, such as ice cube trays or mini muffin cups. Reheat thoroughly and then let the food cool so it is warm to the touch when you’re ready to feed it to your baby.
  • When choosing commercially prepared baby foods, stick to the single ingredient types as they are more nutritionally dense than the mixed dinner meals.

Homemade VS Store-Bought Baby Food

In truth, there are advantages and disadvantages to homemade baby food and store-bought baby food. Baby WatermelonThe advantages for parents who make their own baby food are the following::

  • Parents know exactly what their baby is eating. They can include organic ingredients in the food which is free from pesticide residue.
  • Parents can be creative about making the baby food. They can add the flavors they choose, which may or may not be found in standard grocery stores.
  • It may be cheaper to make the food instead of purchasing it at the store.

The disadvantages to making homemade baby food include, but are not limited, to the following:

  • Homemade baby food spoils at a faster rate than store bought baby food.
  • Homemade baby foods also need to refrigerated, which can take up a lot of space.
  • Homemade baby food takes a great deal of time to make.

Small child eatingThe advantages to buying store bought baby food are convenience and food safety. It is simply much easier to buy pre-packaged baby food that doesn’t spoil quickly. Baby food is starting to be packaged in pouches which means that they are lighter and won’t break when they are dropped as opposed to glass jars. Baby food is strictly regulating by the United States Food & Drug Administration. In fact, any food made for solely for infants and/or babies is put to higher standards because of the target consumers.

The disadvantages to purchasing store-bought baby food is the nutritional value of the food compared to homemade baby food. There may be added sugars or corn syrup in prepared foods. It is important that the parents who decide to raise their baby on store-bought food read the labels on the jars very carefully.

Concerns and Warnings

It is important to not to introduce the following foods to your baby or infant child’s diet, until after one year of age:

  1. honey
  2. dairy
  3. eggs
  4. strawberries
  5. tomatoes
  6. citrus
  7. nuts

HoneyHoney can contain botulinum spores, which may cause infant botulism due to the immature digestive tracts of babies. However, honey is harmless to older children and adults.  The other foods (dairy, eggs, strawberries, tomatoes, citrus and nuts) are common allergy triggers.  Introducing these foods at a later age would minimize the effects of allergens later in life.

Babies under one year of age are more susceptible to infection, inflammation and illness, so it is also very important to sterilize cooking utensils when preparing and storing homemade baby food, and to wash hands thoroughly, and keep the preparation area (countertops, sink, stovetop, etc.) clean to prevent cross-contamination.

Summary and Conclusions

At the end of the day, there really is no right or wrong option for purchasing baby food. Parents have to decide which option is the most appropriate and beneficial for their lifestyle.Brothers As long as the infant/baby receives an adequate amount of essential nutrients from the food the he or she consumes, the parent should take comfort in knowing that they are doing right by their baby.

References

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015). AAP Policy on Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding Initiatives.  Retrieved June 13, 2015

Healthy Child: Healthy World. (2015). Food. Healthy Living. Retrieved June 13, 2015

Livestrong.org. (2013). Food to Make My Baby Gain Weight. Retrieved June 10, 2015

Mayo Clinic. (2013). Homemade Baby food: What are the Benefits? Nutrition and healthy eating. Retrieved June 12, 2015

Urban Child Institute. (2011). Nutrition and Early Brain Development. Updates. Retrieved June 12, 2013

_________________________________________________

This articleHang Pham, MBHA Health Educator is written by Hang Pham. Hang Pham is a Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance Health and Wellness Educator. Hang Pham was born in Hoc Mon, Vietnam. She came to America in 1994, becoming a U.S. citizen in 2011. Hang graduated from Seaside High School with diploma and received her AA in General Studies from Monterey Peninsula College in 2011. She received her BA in Collaborative Health and Human Services from California State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB) in 2012. In addition to working as a volunteer staff with the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance, she currently works as a Clerical Aid in the Human Resources Department of Salinas City Hall. The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a registered 501 (c) 3 nonprofit health and wellness education organization. For more information about the Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance contact us or visit our website at www.montereybayholistic.com.   All images are copyright free, from www.pixabay.com unless otherwise noted.

Disclaimer:  The Monterey Bay Holistic Alliance is a charitable, independent registered nonprofit 501(c)3 organization and does not endorse any particular products or practices. We exist as an educational organization dedicated to providing free access to health education resources, products and services. Claims and statements herein are for informational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The statements about organizations, practitioners, methods of treatment, and products listed on this website are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is intended for educational purposes only. The MBHA strongly recommends that you seek out your trusted medical doctor or practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of any existing health condition.